Wednesday, April 27, 2016

William Castle

William Castle

house on haunted hill(WmCastle)---2---300600---sf4
I saw what you did(WmCastle)---13---com5/us469.JPG
mr sardonicus(WmCastle)---3---com15
project x(WmCastle)---15---1020---sf2
spirit is willing(WmCastle)---14---com2/us881.JPG
thirteen frightened girls(WmCastle)---8---2545---100k19
thirteen ghosts(WmCastle)---6---2040---sf4


 1968Project X 
 1967The Busy Body 
 196013 Ghosts 
 1959The Tingler 


Riot (producer) 
 1968Rosemary's Baby (producer) 
 1968Project X (producer) 
 1967The Spirit Is Willing (producer) 
 1967The Busy Body (producer) 
 1965I Saw What You Did (producer) 
 1964The Night Walker (producer) 
 1964Strait-Jacket (producer) 
 1963The Old Dark House (producer) 
 196313 Frightened Girls! (producer) 
 1962Zotz! (producer) 
 1961Mr. Sardonicus (producer) 
 1961Homicidal (producer) 
 196013 Ghosts (producer) 
 1959The Tingler (producer) 
 1959House on Haunted Hill (producer) 
 1958Macabre (producer) 

On his own: the gimmicks

Ambitions unsatisfied, Castle began to make films independently. The inspiration of the 1955 French psychological thriller Les Diaboliques set the genre he would choose. He financed his first movie, Macabre (1958), by mortgaging his house. He came up with the idea to give every customer a certificate for a $1,000 life insurance policy from Lloyd's of London in case they should die of fright during the film. He stationed nurses in the lobbies with hearses parked outside the theaters.  Macabre was a hit.

Other films (and gimmicks) followed:

House on Haunted Hill (1959). Filmed in "Emergo". A skeleton with red lighted eye sockets attached to wire floated over the audience in the final moments of some showings of the film to parallel the action on screen when a skeleton rises from a vat of acid and pursues the villainous wife of Vincent Price's character.  Once word spread about the skeleton, kids enjoyed trying to knock it down with candy boxes, soda cups, or any other objects at hand.

The Tingler (1959): Filmed in "Percepto". The title character is a creature that attaches itself to the human spinal cord. It is activated by fright, and can only be destroyed by screaming. Castle purchased military surplus air-plane wing de-icers (consisting of vibrating motors) and had a crew travel from theatre to theatre attaching them to the underside of some of the seats (in that era, a movie did not necessarily open on the same night nationwide). In the finale, one of the creatures supposedly gets loose in the movie theatre itself. The buzzers were activated as the film's star, Vincent Price, warned the audience to "scream – scream for your lives!"  Some sources incorrectly state the seats were wired to give electrical jolts. Filmmaker and Castle fan John Waters recounted in Spine Tingler! how, as a youngster, he would search for a seat that had been wired in order to enjoy the full effect.

13 Ghosts (1960): Filmed in "Illusion-O". Each patron received a handheld ghost viewer/remover. During certain segments of the film, a person could see the ghosts by looking through the red cellophane, or remove the ghosts if they were too frightening by looking through the blue.  Without the viewer, the ghosts were somewhat visible. The DVD release included red/blue 3D glasses to replicate the effect.

Homicidal (1961). There was a "fright break" with a timer overlaid on the film's climax, as the heroine approaches a house harboring a sadistic killer. The audience had 45 seconds to leave with a full refund if they were too frightened to see the remainder of the film. In an early showing, more wily patrons simply sat through the movie a second time and left at the break to get their money back; to prevent this in future, Castle had different color tickets printed for each showing.  About 1% of patrons still demanded refunds. John Waters described Castle's response:

"William Castle simply went nuts. He came up with 'Coward's Corner,' a yellow cardboard booth, manned by a bewildered theater employee in the lobby. When the Fright Break was announced, and you found that you couldn't take it anymore, you had to leave your seat and, in front of the entire audience, follow yellow footsteps up the aisle, bathed in a yellow light. Before you reached Coward's Corner, you crossed yellow lines with the stenciled message: 'Cowards Keep Walking.' You passed a nurse (in a yellow uniform?...I wonder), who would offer a blood-pressure test. All the while a recording was blaring, "'Watch the chicken! Watch him shiver in Coward's Corner'!" As the audience howled, you had to go through one final indignity – at Coward's Corner you were forced to sign a yellow card stating, 'I am a bona fide coward.'"

In a trailer for the film, Castle explained the use of the Coward's Certificate and admonished the viewer to not reveal the ending to friends "or they will kill you. If they don't, I will."

Mr. Sardonicus (1961). The audience could vote on the villain's fate in a "punishment poll" during the climax – Castle appeared on screen to explain two options. Each member of the audience was given a card with a glow-in-the-dark thumb they could hold up or down to decide if Mr. Sardonicus would be cured or died. Supposedly no audience ever chose mercy, so the alternate ending was never screened.  Though Castle claimed in his autobiography that the merciful version was shot and shown occasionally, many suspect otherwise. In the drive-in version, drivers were asked to flash their car headlights to choose.

Zotz! (1962). Each patron was given a "Magic" (gold colored, plastic, glow-in-the-dark) coin.

13 Frightened Girls (1963). Castle launched a publicized worldwide casting hunt for the prettiest girls from 13 different countries.  He filmed slightly different versions, highlighting each girl for the release in her country.

I Saw What You Did (1965). Another Joan Crawford vehicle, this film was initially promoted using giant plastic telephones, but after a rash of prank phone calls and complaints, the Bell Telephone Company monopoly refused Castle permission to use them or mention telephones. So he turned the back rows of theatres into "Shock Sections". Seat belts were installed to keep patrons from being jolted from their chairs in fright.